Hartalika Teej is recognized as one of the most important Vrats in the Hindu religion. It is primarily observed by married women for marital bliss and happiness.
It is celebrated on the Shukla Paksha Tritiya, i.e., the third day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada. Here, we share with you about Hartalika Teej Vrat Katha and Date 2020.
As you may know, there are three Teej festivities celebrated by women in the months of Sawan and Bhadrapada.
These Teej are as follows:
Lord Shiva and Parvati are worshipped on the holy occasion of Hartalika Teej. In fact, married women and unmarried girls both keep Hartalika Vrat. Widows, too, observe this fast.
It is kept without the intake of grains and water. Hindus believe that Goddess Parvati was the first one to keep this Vrat so that she can have Lord Shiva as her husband. The most astonishing thing about this Vrat is that whosoever keeps the Hartalika Vrat once in her life has to keep it throughout life. However, if the woman is ill, then her husband or another woman can keep this fast in her place.
Essential Rules to follow during Hartalika Teej Vrat
- The most important rule during Hartalika Teej Vrat is that the Vrati (the one who keeps the fast) should not intake a single drop of water. However, the Vrati can have water the next day after the Vrat
- If the Hartalika Teej Vrat is observed by a person, it cannot be left undone. This Vrat should be performed with proper rites and rituals.
- One should keep vigil at night (stay awake) on the day of Hartalika Teej Vrat. There is also a custom to celebrate while singing religious songs in groups
- Hartalika Teej Vrat is observed by both unmarried girls as well as by married women. As per the Hindu scriptures, widows can also keep this fast.
- On this day, women sing and dance as well as to conduct prayer rituals
- This Vrat marks the joyous reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati
- Fasting is the most important part of Hartalika Teej Puja
- Women who keep this fast abstain from having food and do not drink a single drop of water for a full 24 hours till they break the fast next day
- Married women keep fast for blissful marital relationship and long life of their husband
- Unmarried girls keep the fast for getting a husband like Lord Shiva
Spiritual Significance of Hartalika Teej Vrat
The legend of Hartalika Teej Vrat is connected with Mata Sati, who immolated herself over the sacred fire performed by Daksha Prajapati. The loss of Mata Sati shattered Lord Mahadeva, who went into a deep meditation.
It was Mata Sati who reincarnated as Parvati in the form of Parvat Raj’s daughter. In fact, the first word that was uttered by her was ‘Shiva.’ Her only wish was to get married to Lord Shiva.
Parvati left the entire materialistic well being of the palace to live a life of ascetic worshipping Shiva Lingam in a cave.
She performed immense tapas for 108 years. Ultimately Lord Shiva was pleased by her devotion and agreed to marry Goddess Parvati. So, the reunion of Lord Shiva and Parvati was complete.
Hartalika Teej has its name due to this legend associated with it. In fact, Hartalika is a combination of “Harat” and “Aalika,” meaning “abduction” and “female friend,” respectively. According to this legend, the friend of Goddess Parvati took her amidst dense forest so that her father cannot marry her against her wish to Lord Vishnu.
So, Hartalika Teej is celebrated as the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Goddess Parvati performed immense austerity so that she could get Lord Shiva as her husband.
It is said that Mata Parvati performed severe austerity along the banks of river Ganges on the Himalayas. One day, Sage Narad came with a proposal of marriage for her on behalf of Lord Vishnu. However, Parvati told Narad that she wanted to marry Lord Shiva.
So, she wanted to please Lord Shiva by performing deep austerity. Later, she moved to the forest and immersed herself completely in the devotion of Lord Shiva.
She made a Shiva Lingam out of the sand and started worshipping it in the Hasta Nakshatra on the Shukla Paksha Tritiya in the Bhadrapada month.
Finally, Lord Shiva was pleased by the extreme austerity of Goddess Parvati and came before her in his divine manifestation to accept Goddess Parvati as his wife.
From then onwards, the Hartalika Vrat started in which married women and young girls kept fast for the well-being of their husbands and for getting good husbands, respectively. They endeavor to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati by worshipping them.
This fast is also called as “Nishivasar Nirjala Vrat.”
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva are worshipped on this day. It is said to be one of the most awaited festivals for Hindu married women. It is celebrated in different parts of the country, such as Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, and Madhya Pradesh.
Puja Vidhi of Hartalika Vrat Festival
- Take early morning bath using sesame and Amalaki powder
- Dress up using fine clothes
- Take Sankalp to perform Hartalika Vrat for pleasing Goddess Parvati and Mahadeva
- Firstly, worship Lord Ganesh
- Now, worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati
- Perform Shodasopachar Pooja of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati
- Lastly, perform Anga Puja for Goddess Parvati
Married women wear red-colored clothing and do Solah Sringar. They perform Shiva-Parvati Pooja in Shubh Muhurat and install statues of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lastly, they recite Hartalika Vrat Katha. They offer “Suhaag” ornaments to Mata Parvati. It is believed that Lord Shiva protects those who keep Hartalika Vrat with full devotion.
Vrati performs Ratri Jagran. They keep awake all night and indulge themselves in Bhajan and Kirtana. In the morning, they take a bath and perform Dana Karma to Suhagan “married woman” by giving Shringar Samagri, clothes, eatables, fruits, sweets, and even jewelry.
Hartalika Teej Vrat Katha
As per the Linga Purana, Goddess Parvati did immense Tapasya to please Lord Shiva. She wanted to marry Lord Shiva. She never took any type of food material. In fact, she solely lived on air alone. Her father was immensely moved to see this condition of Parvati.
Once, it so happened that Sage Narad approached the father of Mata Parvati with the proposal of marriage on behalf of Lord Vishnu. When Goddess Parvati came to know about this, she wept profusely and told that she is doing Tapa (Vrat) to get Lord Shiva as her husband.
However, her father wanted to marry Parvati with Lord Vishnu.
One friend of Parvati advised her to move to the forests for Tapasya. So, Parvati went to dense jungle and started meditating on Shiva in a cave.
She prepared Shiva Lingam out of sand in the Hasta Nakshatra of Bhadrapada Tritiya Shukla Paksha. She devoted herself completely to Lord Shiva.
After that, Lord Shiva got pleased with Parvati and accepted her as his wife.
So, those who do this Vrat get the blessings of Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati. They live a happy and blissful marital life. Unmarried girls get a devoted and loving husband.
Hartalika Teej 2020 Date
Hartalika Teej 2020 will be celebrated on Aug 21, 2020 (Friday).
Tritiya Tithi Begins: 02:13 AM on Aug 21, 2020
Tritiya Tithi Ends: 11:02 PM on Aug 21, 2020
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